It is said that in order to create value in business, you must first work out how to produce these items. The value created by this work is usually measured both financially and objectively by the company as their success is directly affected by your efforts (Google). There are two main reasons why companies invest in software. Firstly, they want some extra control over the running of their businesses. Secondly, they want to automate some activities & reduce costs. If you will look at the history of IT and understand what it has done to our lives then you will start learning about how the future may be and so, I would like to make an effort to elaborate with you all about scope of Indian government’s investment into IT sector.
The importance of data
India’s economy has been growing very fast due to strong domestic demand and investments from foreign buyers. However, there is a problem in the recent years where the huge amount of data being generated by such firms like Google, Amazon, Microsoft etc., started affecting the privacy and security of the users. Therefore, the government took quite a decision regarding these concerns to implement some initiatives in various fields to protect the data of Indian citizens. Thus, in April 2011, the Government had approved five major bills, namely, Privacy and Security of Information Technology Act, General Data Protection Regulation, Right to Information Act, National Cyber Security Policy, Business Process Reforms Act, Consumer Rights Act, and the Anti-Money Laundering Standards Act. This was done under section 45A and 45D of the POCSO act, 1995. These acts were followed up by several other similar legislation being implemented in different parts of the country. Also, in May 2016, the “right of access to information (2 rd)” was introduced in the Senate. In short, we have taken more than a decade to get these laws implemented. In today’s time, nearly 80% (or even more) of the data collected has now been disclosed. As per statistics published in 2018, we may expect almost half of all global corporations to do disclosure of their customer data by 2025.
The significance of cloud computing
Cloud Computing allows users to store their data and share their resources across multiple locations across the world. This provides high scalability to business operations and enables customers to use the services or applications developed by them in any part of the globe. For example, if you have a firm that manufactures products which requires large amounts of storage then going out of office to buy laptops, which have limited capacity, could become too costly. You can easily scale up your business to meet market demands by using cloud computing by providing resources/data to third parties and then releasing products to end consumers, thus saving money. The process of moving from one place to another is called as Cloud Migration.
Here are few things which might help you a clear picture about cloud computing.
The biggest advantage of cloud computing is that in case of an incident where you wanted to restore files from crashed devices, you don’t need to wait for your data to go down to the ground. When the data is not backed up locally, it is automatically migrated which saves huge financial, time and human resources.
The downside of cloud computing is that you are responsible for data loss. What happens in the event that your data goes down? You will lose everything. So, whenever there is an occurrence in which data is lost, it is always important to backup and recover them within no time or otherwise.
Also, cloud computing does not provide 100% transparency. All your information will remain a secret between the two parties and neither party will know and will be kept away from each other. To ensure a complete transparency cloud must be deployed and maintained properly for optimum performance.
Cloud computing is very critical in times when there are issues like cyber-crime. Since only recently, hackers & fraudsters have attacked many areas through malicious software being installed on computers and smartphones and people may never be aware of it. Thus, the possibility of data breaches and theft and loss of sensitive information and intellectual property have increased significantly. It is not only the government who spends a lot of money every year in terms of cybersecurity but also private individual companies as well. Due to such incidents big companies like Apple or Boeing spend crores to safeguard against threats like malware attack and data storage loss and theft.
Besides, the growth of online shopping and sales has forced businesses to shift towards e-commerce & cloud computing. Here are few ways in which you can try your hand on cloud computing. One way is to create an application or service to sell and deliver products and services online. You can use social networks like Facebook & Twitter to market your business or online stores to offer products and services to customers. Another option is to develop an app for smartphones to connect them with your business through messaging apps like WhatsApp or Messenger as well. If this is done right through proper development and application, you will definitely get noticed by potential customers. Also, it is advisable to invest in creating your own website to interact and share experiences with people outside the organization. Having a blog would give you an opportunity to showcase your business and skills and make yourself popular among people.
The scope of business in cloud computing can be estimated on three dimensions, which include the IT services, DevOps services, and Productivity services.
The scope of IT Services
Cloud technologies include diverse data & communication systems, from servers and routers all around India. In addition, there is a vast array of public cloud platforms which are used to run and manage a wide variety of cloud technology including infrastructure and compute services.
In fact, cloud technologies consist of the following 3 components – Infrastructure Services, Application Platform, and Service Orchestration. According to Gartner, Application Platform is composed of four elements including the Content Management System or CMS, Storage Services & Networking, Application Service Access Control Services & Host Services, and Database / Server Services. They describe Cloud Functions as the foundation of cloud technologies.
On top of these, you can choose specific services like S3 Data Center, Cloud Front. The choice of which services to consume depends on the kind of data you have and the use case you have.
Cloud services are highly scalable with the size of the organisation and the complexity of the workload. Hence, the business should think carefully before selecting a specific provider. Once you have chosen and installed a particular solution, don’t forget to test and verify its performance by using standard tools like AWS Load Balancer, Azure WebJobs, and Digital Twins. Use automation tools like Teradata Analytics or Oracle Data Catalog to analyze the business information from Cloud environments. At last, the next step would be the deployment or adoption of cloud solutions through CD-based containers.
Cloud applications should be designed in a simple and easy to manage manner. Developers should develop programs in Python, Java. It helps to build better software because developers can choose the most suitable platform for their project, without worrying about languages and maintenance cost. Many small businesses rely heavily on Cloud applications which are managed by professionals.
The Cloud Platform consists of three types of software stacks which are the Main Stack, Hypervisor, and Containers. It is extremely beneficial for organisations because you can take care of everything while keeping some degree of security as well. Thus, this stack can greatly enhance the reliability while reducing power consumption.
Cloud applications are deployed either on premises or inside the Internet domain. On-premise cloud can be hosted in hybrid or single zone depending on which type of applications you have and what your users require. On-premises cloud consists of physical machines, a set of virtual machines which are based on Windows OS, Linux OS, etc. On hybrid & multi-cloud infrastructure you can mix your entire system between Physical and Virtual. In multi-cloud architecture, you will have an on-premises network and virtual machine as well. Some common examples of cloud hosting are as follows.
Cloud Native – Developed by Microsoft in 2009, the cloud native approach to building modern applications is highly effective. In spite of this approach is considered outdated, it still remains highly efficient. However, in spite of all the hype surrounding cloud native approaches it is important to note that many companies fail to see practical results because of the numerous challenges they faced during implementation. The key challenge faced by cloud native companies is scalability. As cloud native technologies evolve continuously, the number of cloud instances increases rapidly. In 2015 according to reports, 50 % of UK’s cloud user base used more than one cloud instance in 2017!
According to industry analysts, the average latency between the launch of a cloud native application and the production of a live solution was 2–5 days.
Cloud Native Development Life Cycle
Cloud native development life cycle typically takes around 8–12 weeks. During the initial stage, the team comes together with a small group of dedicated software engineers, designers, and testers to work on the functionality of the idea itself. After months of hard work, the first delivery of the product is made. Usually, the developer gets tired and starts working on separate tasks like implementing updates and testing features. Most often the release version comes out too soon causing a backlash among the stakeholders. Finally, the product gets uploaded onto the cloud and tested.
The second phase begins with a rapid rollout of the product to a wider audience. Along this journey, it becomes crucial to focus on quality and usability testing (Q&A) to assess whether the product meets expectations and the standards. The team then performs the full deployment cycle on a dedicated environment to keep the integrity of the product intact and to ease possible bugs.
The final stage refers to the successful and stable rollout of the product to all distribution channels. And finally, once they are installed successfully, the product