Pharmacognosy and phytochemistry sem5 (unit4) hand written notes pdf

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Extraction and industrial production are two different processes involved in manufacturing various products, including food, medicines, chemicals, and other consumer goods.

Extraction is the process of separating a useful substance or compound from a natural source, such as plants, rocks, or minerals. This process involves the use of various techniques, including mechanical, chemical, or biological methods, to release or isolate the desired substance from the raw material. Some common examples of extraction methods include distillation, filtration, solvent extraction, and chromatography.

On the other hand, industrial production is the process of converting raw materials into finished products on a large scale. This process involves several stages, including processing, manufacturing, packaging, and distribution. Industrial production involves the use of specialized machinery, technologies, and skilled labor to mass-produce goods efficiently and cost-effectively. Some common products that undergo industrial production include consumer electronics, automobiles, textiles, and food products.

The primary difference between extraction and industrial production is their primary goal. Extraction aims to obtain a specific substance or compound from a natural source, while industrial production aims to convert raw materials into finished products to meet the demands of consumers. However, the two processes often complement each other, as extraction provides the raw materials needed for industrial production, and industrial production helps to increase the value and usefulness of extracted materials.