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GHTF/SG1/N063:2011

 

FINAL DOCUMENT
Global Harmonization Task Force

Title: Summary Technical Documentation (STED) for Demonstrating

Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety and Performance of In
Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices

Authoring Group: Study Group 1 of the Global Harmonization Task Force

Date: March 17th, 2011

 

Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Table of Contents

1.0  Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………….5 
2.0  Rationale, Purpose and Scope ……………………………………………………………………..5 

2.1  Rationale………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5 
2.2  Purpose ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 
2.3  Scope ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6 

3.0  References ………………………………………………………………………………………………….6 
4.0  Definitions ………………………………………………………………………………………………….7 
5.0  Preparation and Use of the STED………………………………………………………………..8 

5.1  Preparation ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8 
5.2  The Use of the STED in the Premarket Phase ………………………………………………………… 9 
5.3  The Use of the STED in the Post-market Phase ……………………………………………………. 11 
5.4  The Use of the STED to Notify Changes to the RA/CAB……………………………………….. 11 

6.0  Device Description including Variants (Configurations) and
Accessories ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………12 

6.1  Device Description ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12 
6.2  Reference to the Manufacturer’s Previous Device Generation(s) and/or

Similar Devices or Device History ……………………………………………………………………….. 13 
6.2.1  For an IVD medical device not yet available on any market…………………………………… 13 
6.2.2  For an IVD medical device already available on the market in any jurisdiction ………… 13 

7.0  Essential Principles (EP) Checklist…………………………………………………………….13 
8.0  Risk Analysis and Control Summary …………………………………………………………14 
9.0  Design and Manufacturing Information …………………………………………………….14 

9.1  Device Design ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 
9.2  Manufacturing Processes …………………………………………………………………………………….. 15 
9.3  Manufacturing Sites ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 15 

10.0  Product Verification and Validation ………………………………………………………….15 
10.1  Analytical Performance ………………………………………………………………………………………. 17 

10.1.1  Specimen type……………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 
10.1.2  Analytical performance characteristics……………………………………………………………. 18 

10.1.2.1  Accuracy of measurement…………………………………………………………………………. 18 
10.1.2.1.1.  Trueness of measurement……………………………………………………………………… 18 
10.1.2.1.2.  Precision of measurement …………………………………………………………………….. 18 
10.1.2.2  Analytical sensitivity ……………………………………………………………………………….. 19 
10.1.2.3  Analytical specificity ……………………………………………………………………………….. 19 
10.1.2.4  Metrological traceability of calibrator and control material values …………………. 20 

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

10.1.2.5  Measuring range of the assay…………………………………………………………………….. 21 
10.1.2.6  Definition of assay cut-off ………………………………………………………………………… 21 

10.2  Clinical Performance…………………………………………………………………………………………… 21 
10.3  Stability (excluding specimen stability) ………………………………………………………………… 21 

10.3.1  Claimed shelf life…………………………………………………………………………………………. 22 
10.3.2  In use stability……………………………………………………………………………………………… 22 
10.3.3  Shipping stability …………………………………………………………………………………………. 22 

10.4  Software Verification and Validation …………………………………………………………………… 23 
11.0  Labelling…………………………………………………………………………………………………..23 
12.0  Format of the STED ………………………………………………………………………………….23 
13.0  Declaration of Conformity…………………………………………………………………………24 

Appendix A…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25 

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Preface
The document herein was produced by the Global Harmonization Task Force,

a voluntary group of representatives from medical device regulatory authorities and
the regulated industry. The document is intended to provide non-binding guidance for
use in the regulation of medical devices, and has been subject to consultation
throughout its development.

There are no restrictions on the reproduction, distribution, translation or use of
this document. However, incorporation of this document, in part or in whole, into any
other document does not convey or represent an endorsement of any kind by the
Global Harmonization Task Force.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

1.0 Introduction

The primary way in which the GHTF achieves its goals is through the
production of a series of guidance documents that together describe a global
regulatory model for medical devices, including In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) medical
devices. The purpose of such guidance is to harmonize the documentation and
procedures that are used to assess whether a medical device, including IVD medical
device conforms to the regulations that apply in each jurisdiction. Eliminating
differences between jurisdictions decreases the cost of gaining regulatory compliance
and allows patients earlier access to new technologies and treatments.

This document has been developed to encourage and support global
convergence of regulatory systems. It is intended for use by Regulatory Authorities
(RAs), Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs) and industry, and will provide
benefits in establishing, in a consistent way, an economic and effective approach to
the control of medical devices in the interest of public health. It seeks to strike a
balance between the responsibilities of Regulatory Authorities to safeguard the health
of their citizens and their obligations to avoid placing unnecessary burdens upon the
industry.

The GHTF has identified as a priority the need to harmonize the
documentation of evidence of conformity to the Essential Principles of safety and
performance (hereafter referred to as Essential Principles). This guideline provides
recommendations on the content of summary technical documentation (STED) to be
assembled and submitted to a Regulatory Authority or Conformity Assessment Body.
It should enable a manufacturer to prepare a STED and provide different Regulatory
Authorities or Conformity Assessment Bodies with the same body of documentary
evidence that its IVD medical device conforms to the Essential Principles. The use of
the STED should reduce costs for the manufacturer and reviewer, remove barriers to
trade and facilitate timely international access to IVD medical devices.

Where other guidance documents within the series are referenced within this
text, their titles are italicised for clarity.

Study Group 1 of the Global Harmonization Task Force (GHTF) has prepared
this guidance document. Comments or questions about it should be directed to either
the Chair or Secretary of GHTF Study Group 1 IVD Subgroup whose contact details
may be found on the GHTF website1.

2.0 Rationale, Purpose and Scope

2.1 Rationale

Manufacturers are expected to prepare, and either hold or provide timely
access to, technical documentation that shows how each IVD medical device was

1 www.ghtf.org

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

developed, designed and manufactured. This technical documentation, typically
controlled in the manufacturer’s quality management system (QMS), is often
extensive and sections of it may be held in different locations. The documentation is
revised to reflect any changes made during the lifecycle of the IVD medical device
through normal application of the manufacturer’s QMS.

It is advantageous to both RAs/CABs and the regulated industry if a subset of
this technical documentation is used for selected premarket and post-market
conformity assessment activities. This technical documentation subset is intended to
be in a consistent, summarised or abridged form, with sufficient detail to allow the
RA/CAB to fulfil its obligations. In the main, the documents contained within this
subset are derived from the technical documentation held by the manufacturer and
allow the manufacturer to demonstrate that the IVD medical device to which it applies
conforms to the Essential Principles of Safety and Performance of Medical Devices2.

The availability of such Summary Technical Documentation (STED) should
help eliminate differences in documentation requirements between jurisdictions, thus
decreasing the cost of establishing and documenting regulatory compliance and
allowing patients earlier access to new technologies and treatments.

2.2 Purpose

This document is intended to provide guidance on the content of the STED for
IVD medical devices to be assembled and submitted, where applicable, to a RA or
CAB for premarket review, and for use post-market to assess continuing conformity
to the Essential Principles.

2.3 Scope

This document applies to all products that fall within the definition of an IVD
medical device that appears within the GHTF document Principles of In Vitro
Diagnostic Medical Devices Classification3.

3.0 References4

GHTF/SG1/N044:2008 Role of Standards in the Assessment of Medical Devices.

GHTF/SG1/N45:2007 Principles of In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices
Classification.

GHTF/SG1/N29:2005 Information Document Concerning the Definition of the Term
‘Medical Device’.

2 SG1/N041:2005 Essential Principles of Safety & Performance of Medical Devices
3 SG1/N045:2007 Principles of In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Classification
4 The listed documents are subject to periodic review and may be superseded by later documents. The
reader is encouraged to refer to the GHTF website to confirm whether the referenced documents
remain current.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

GHTF/SG1/N46:2007 Principles of Conformity Assessment for In Vitro Diagnostic
Medical Devices.

GHTF/SG1/N41:2005 Essential Principles of Safety and Performance of Medical
Devices.

GHTF/SG1/N43:2005 Labelling for Medical Devices.

4.0 Definitions

Recognised Standard: Standard deemed to offer the presumption of
conformity to specific Essential Principles of safety and performance.

Technical Documentation: The documented evidence, normally an output of
the quality management system, which demonstrates conformity of a device to the
Essential Principles of Safety and Performance of Medical Devices5.

5 SG1/N041:2005 Essential Principles of Safety & Performance of Medical Devices

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

PART 1 – PURPOSE OF THE STED

5.0 Preparation and Use of the STED

5.1 Preparation

Manufacturers of all Classes of IVD medical devices are expected to
demonstrate conformity of the IVD medical device to the Essential Principles of
Safety and Performance of Medical Devices5 through the preparation and holding of
technical documentation that shows how each IVD medical device was developed,
designed and manufactured together with the descriptions and explanations necessary
to understand the manufacturer’s determination with respect to such conformity. This
technical documentation is revised to reflect the current status of the IVD medical
device through normal application of the manufacturer’s QMS.

For the purpose of conformity assessment, the manufacturer assembles the
STED from existing technical documentation to provide evidence to the RA/CAB that
the subject IVD medical device is in conformity with the Essential Principles. The
STED reflects the status of the IVD medical device at a particular moment in time
(e.g. at the moment of premarket submission or when requested by a RA for post-
market purposes) and is prepared in order to meet regulatory requirements. The flow
of information from the technical documentation to the STED is illustrated in Figures
1 and 2. It can be seen from these figures that the content of the STED is the same for
both pre and post market use but the circumstances for the use of the STED are
different.

Where the STED is submitted to a RA/CAB, it should be in a language
acceptable to the reviewing organisation.

The depth and detail of the information contained in the STED will primarily
depend on the classification of the subject IVD medical device.

Further considerations when developing the individual sections of the
STED include, for instance:

a) a high degree of complexity in the subject IVD medical device.

b) the IVD medical device incorporates novel technology;

For the purpose of STED, examples of novel technology include:

1) there has been no such IVD medical device available on any
market for the relevant analyte (measurand);

2) the procedure involves analytical technology not used in
connection with a given analyte (measurand) or other parameter on
the market.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

c) the IVD medical device is an already marketed IVD medical device type
that is now being offered for an intended use different from the original
one;

d) the IVD medical device type has been associated with a significant number
of adverse events known to the manufacturer, including use errors6;

e) the IVD medical device incorporates novel or hazardous materials of
concern;

f) the IVD medical device raises specific public health concerns (e.g. virulent
influenza pandemic).

The STED should contain summary information on selected topics, and may
contain detailed information on certain specific topics (as outlined in Part 2 of this
guideline) and an Essential Principles checklist (EP checklist). The information
provided may include, for example, abstracts, high level summaries, or existing
controlled documents, as appropriate, sufficient to communicate key relevant
information and allow a reviewer to understand the subject and assess the validity of
that information.

The EP checklist is created as part of the manufacturer’s technical
documentation and is controlled by the manufacturer’s QMS. It provides a tabular
overview of the Essential Principles and identifies those that are applicable to the IVD
medical device, the chosen method of demonstrating that the device conforms to each
relevant Essential Principle and the reference of the controlled document that is
relevant to a specific Essential Principle. While many controlled documents are
referenced in the EP checklist, only some may be contained within the STED. The
cited references to the controlled documents also allow easy identification of
additional relevant documents and data.

5.2 The Use of the STED in the Premarket Phase

In the premarket phase, the STED will be prepared and submitted to the
RA/CAB for Class C and D IVD medical devices.

For Class A and B IVD medical devices, the STED will be prepared and
submitted only at the request of a RA/CAB7 (see Figure 1). In this case, the
manufacturer should be able to assemble and submit it in the timeframe indicated by
the RA/CAB.

The content of any submitted STED should be traceable by the manufacturer
for future reference.

6 See SG2/N45R8:2006 Medical Devices Post-market Surveillance: Global guidance for Adverse
Reporting for Medical Devices.
7 See GHTF/SG1/N46:2008 Principles of Conformity Assessment for In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD)
Medical Devices.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

MANUFACTURER’S
TECHNICAL SUMMARY TECHNICAL

DOCUMENTATION (Controlled DOCUMENTATION (STED)
Documents e.g. Under a QMS) Documentation subset

Device description and product General description and list of
specification, including variants and E.P. Checklist specified features

accessories

Documentation subset

Proof of conformity to relevant E.P. Checklist
Essential Principles

Upon request, prepare
STED for Class A & B

Device risk management file devices & make available Risk analysis and control summary
for review by RA/CAB

Complete design and manufacturing Summary of the technical
information For Class C & D devices documentation concerning design

prepare and submit and manufacturing
STED to RA/CAB for

review
Complete product verification and Documentation subset Summary of verification and

validation documentation validation studies

Documentation subset
Clinical evidence Documentation subset Clinical Evidence Evaluation report

Labelling Documentation subset Set of labels and IFU

FIGURE 1: PREMARKET USE OF THE STED

 

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

5.3 The Use of the STED in the Post-market Phase

In the post-market phase, the RA/CAB may request submission of a STED to
investigate the continued conformity for any Class of IVD medical device (see Figure
2).

The STED would not typically be used to aid the post-market investigation of
adverse events, or the reporting of data from post-market registries or studies, where
different types of information are likely to be called for.

If requested, the manufacturer should be able to prepare and submit the STED
in the timeframe indicated by the RA/CAB.

The content of any submitted STED should be traceable by the manufacturer
for future reference.

 

MANUFACTURER’S
TECHNICAL SUMMARY TECHNICAL

DOCUMENTATION (Controlled DOCUMENTATION (STED)
Documents e.g. Under a QMS) Documentation subset

Device description and product General description and list of
specification, including variants and E.P. Checklist specified features

accessories

Documentation subset

Proof of conformity to relevant E.P. Checklist
Essential Principles

Device risk management file Risk analysis and control summary

Upon request, prepare
Complete design and manufacturing STED & make available Summary of the technical

information for review by RA/CAB documentation concerning design
and manufacturing

Complete product verification and Documentation subset Summary of verification and
validation documentation validation studies

Documentation subset
Clinical evidence Documentation subset Clinical Evidence Evaluation report

Labelling Documentation subset Set of labels and IFU

FIGURE 2: POST-MARKET USE OF THE STED

 

5.4 The Use of the STED to Notify Changes to the RA/CAB

Where prior approval of a proposed change to an IVD medical device is
required, the STED may be used in support of this process. Guidance on this case
will be provided in the future.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

PART 2 – CONTENTS OF THE STED

6.0 Device Description including Variants (Configurations) and
Accessories

6.1 Device Description

The STED should include the following device descriptive information:

a) the intended use of the IVD medical device. This may include:

1) what is detected
2) its function (e.g. screening, monitoring, diagnosis or aid to

diagnosis);
3) the specific disorder, condition or risk factor of interest that it is

intended to detect, define or differentiate;
4) whether it is automated or not;
5) whether it is qualitative or quantitative;
6) the type of specimen(s) required (e.g. serum, plasma, whole blood,

tissue biopsy, urine);
7) testing population;

b) the intended user (lay person or professional);

c) a general description of the principle of the assay method or instrument
principles of operation;

d) the Class of the device and the applicable classification rule according
to Principles of In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Classification8;

e) a description of the components (e.g. reagents, assay controls and
calibrators) and where appropriate, a description of the reactive
ingredients of relevant components (such as antibodies, antigens,
nucleic acid primers).

and where applicable:

f) a description of the specimen collection and transport materials
provided with the IVD medical device or descriptions of specifications
recommended for use;

g) for instruments of automated assays: a description of the appropriate
assay characteristics or dedicated assays;

8 SG1/N045:2007 Principles of In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Classification

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

h) for automated assays: a description of the appropriate instrumentation
characteristics or dedicated instrumentation;

i) a description of any software to be used with the IVD medical device;

j) a description or complete list of the various configurations/variants of
the IVD medical device that will be made available;

k) a description of the accessories, other IVD medical devices and other
products that are not IVD medical devices, which are intended to be
used in combination with the IVD medical device.

6.2 Reference to the Manufacturer’s Previous Device Generation(s) and/or
Similar Devices or Device History

6.2.1 For an IVD medical device not yet available on any market

Where relevant to demonstrating conformity to the Essential Principles, and to
provide general background information, the STED may provide a summary of:

a) the manufacturer’s previous generation(s) of the IVD medical device,
if such exists; and/or

b) the manufacturer’s similar IVD medical devices available on the
market.

6.2.2 For an IVD medical device already available on the market in any jurisdiction

This information may include a summary of the number of adverse event
reports related to the safety and performance of this IVD medical device in relation to
the number of IVD medical devices placed on the market.

External certificates and documents which give written evidence of conformity
with the Essential Principles may be annexed to the STED.

7.0 Essential Principles (EP) Checklist

The STED should include an EP checklist that identifies:

a) the Essential Principles;
b) for each Essential Principle whether it applies to the IVD medical

device and if not, why not;
c) the method used to demonstrate conformity with each Essential

Principle that applies; and
d) the reference to the actual technical documentation that offers evidence

of conformity with each method used.

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and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

The method used to demonstrate conformity may include one or more of the
following:

a) conformity with recognized or other standards9;
b) conformity with a commonly accepted industry test method;
c) conformity with appropriate in-house test methods that have been

validated and verified;
d) comparison to an IVD medical device already available on the market.

The EP checklist should include a cross-reference to the location of such
evidence both within the full technical documentation held by the manufacturer and
within the STED (when such documentation is specifically required for inclusion in
the Summary Technical Documentation as outlined in this guidance).

A sample checklist is included in Appendix A.

8.0 Risk Analysis and Control Summary

The STED should contain a summary of the risks identified during the risk
analysis process and a description of how these risks have been controlled to an
acceptable level. Preferably, this risk analysis should be based on recognised
standards and be part of the manufacturer’s risk management plan.

The summary should address possible hazards for the IVD medical device
such as the risk from false positive or false negative results, indirect risks which may
result from IVD medical device-associated hazards, such as instability, which could
lead to erroneous results, or from user-related hazards, such as reagents containing
infectious agents.

The results of the risk analysis should provide a conclusion with evidence that
remaining risks are acceptable when compared to the benefits.

Typically for a Class D IVD medical device a detailed report would be
provided.

9.0 Design and Manufacturing Information

9.1 Device Design

The STED should contain information to allow a reviewer to obtain a general
understanding of the design applied to the IVD medical device.

It should include a description of the critical ingredients of an assay such as
antibodies, antigens, enzymes and nucleic acid primers provided or recommended for
use with the IVD medical device.

9 GHTF/SG1/N044:2008 Role of Standards in the Assessment of Medical Devices

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

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For instruments this would include a description of major subsystems,
analytical technology (e.g. operating principles, control mechanisms), dedicated
computer hardware and software.

For instruments and software, an overview of the entire system would be
required, including an Architecture Design Chart which is typically a flowchart of the
relationships among the major functional units in the software, including relationships
to hardware and to data flows such as networking.

For standalone software, this would typically include a description of the data
interpretation methodology (i.e. algorithms).

For self-testing devices the design should include a description of the design
aspects that make it suitable for lay person use.

Typically for a Class D IVD medical device detailed information on material
specifications would be provided.

This section is not intended to take the place of the more detailed information
required for a QMS audit or other conformity assessment activity. If design takes
place at multiple sites, a controlling site must be identified.

9.2 Manufacturing Processes

Only for Class D, the STED should contain information to allow a reviewer to
obtain a general understanding of the manufacturing processes. It is not intended to
take the place of the more detailed information required for a QMS audit or other
conformity assessment activity. This information may take the form of a process flow
chart showing, for example, an overview of production including the technologies
used, assembly and packaging of the finished IVD medical device. This section
should include details of any in-process and final product testing (e.g. the
manufacturer’s QC release program).

9.3 Manufacturing Sites

For the activities in 9.2, the STED should identify the sites where these
activities are performed (this does not include the sites of all suppliers of raw
materials but only the sites that are involved in critical manufacturing activities). If
QMS certificates, or the equivalent, exist for these sites, they may be annexed to the
STED.

10.0 Product Verification and Validation

The information provided in the product verification and validation section of
the STED will vary in the level of detail as determined by the classification of the
device.

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and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

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Also other characteristics as outlined in section 5.1 will influence the level of
detail of the STED.

As a general rule, the STED should summarise the results of verification and
validation studies undertaken to demonstrate conformity of the IVD medical device
with the Essential Principles that apply to it. Where appropriate, such information
might come from the literature.

For the purpose of the STED document, ‘summary’ and ‘detailed information’
are defined as:

1. Summary Information

A summary should provide enough information to allow the RA/CAB to
assess the validity of that information. This summary should contain a brief
description of:

a) the study protocol,
b) the study results,
c) the study conclusion.

This summary may include:

a) Where a recognized standard exists, a declaration/certificate of
conformity to a recognized standard can be provided with a summary
of the data if no acceptance criteria are specified in the standard;

b) In the absence of a recognized standard, a declaration/certificate of
conformity to a published standard that has not been recognized might
be provided if it is supported by a rationale for its use, and summary of
the data, and a conclusion, if no acceptance criteria are specified in the
standard;

c) In the absence of a recognized standard and non-recognized published
standards, a professional guideline, industry method, or in-house
standard may be referred to in the summarized information. However,
it should be supported by a rationale for its use, a description of the
method used, a summary of the data in sufficient detail and a
conclusion to allow assessment of its adequacy;

d) A review of relevant published literature regarding the device/analyte
(measurand) or substantially similar IVD medical devices.

2. Detailed Information

Detailed information should include:

a) the complete study protocol,
b) the method of data analysis,

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c) the complete study report,
d) the study conclusion.

For detailed information, when a recognized standard exists that contains the
protocol and the method of data analysis, this information can be substituted by a
declaration/certificate of conformity to the recognized standard. However, a summary
of the data and conclusions should be provided.

For clinical performance (which is part of the clinical evidence), the detailed
information will typically include individual data points (formatted raw data) for a
Class D IVD medical device.

Where appropriate, actual test result summaries with their acceptance criteria
should be provided and not just pass/fail statements.

10.1 Analytical Performance

The statements and descriptions in the following sections refer to all IVD
medical devices. It must be noted however that there are applicability differences
between instrumentation and reagent-based assays, and that the assays themselves
may be quantitative, semi-quantitative or qualitative in nature. There may be limited
applicability of some of the following subsections for qualitative or semi-quantitative
assays. Where possible, comments regarding instrumentation or qualitative assays
appear in the subsections.

10.1.1 Specimen type

This section should describe the different specimen types that can be used.
This should include their stability and storage conditions and is typically applicable
to all systems and assay types.

Stability includes storage and where applicable transport conditions. Storage
includes elements such as duration, temperature limits and freeze/thaw cycles.

This section should include summary information for each matrix and
anticoagulant when applicable, including a description of the measurement procedure
for comparison or determination of measurement accuracy. This includes
information such as specimen type tested, number of samples, sample range (using
spiked samples as appropriate) or target concentrations tested, calculations and
statistical methods, results and conclusions.

Typically for a Class D IVD medical device, detailed information would be
provided.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

10.1.2 Analytical performance characteristics

10.1.2.1 Accuracy of measurement

This section should describe both trueness and precision studies.

Note: The general term measurement accuracy is currently used to cover both
trueness and precision, whereas this term was used in the past to cover only
the one component now named trueness.

While measurement trueness, affected by systematic error, is normally
expressed in terms of bias, measurement precision, affected by random error, is
naturally expressed in terms of standard deviation.

Accuracy is affected by a combination of systematic and random effects that
contribute as individual components of the total error of measurement.

10.1.2.1.1. Trueness of measurement

This section should provide information on the trueness of the measurement
procedure and summarize the data in sufficient detail to allow assessment of the
adequacy of the means selected to establish the trueness. Trueness measures apply to
both quantitative and qualitative assays only when a reference standard or method is
available.

Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would
be provided.

10.1.2.1.2. Precision of measurement

This section should describe repeatability and reproducibility studies.

10.1.2.1.2.1. Repeatability

This section should include repeatability estimates and information about the
studies used to estimate, as appropriate, within-run variability. Repeatability data is
obtained for instrumentation in conjunction with an appropriate assay.

Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would
be provided.

Note 1: Such studies should include the use of samples that represent the full
range of expected analyte (measurand) concentrations that can be measured
by the test as claimed by the manufacturer.

Note 2: If a recognized standard is used, a declaration/certificate of
conformity to the recognized standard along with a summary of the data and
conclusions should be provided.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

10.1.2.1.2.2. Reproducibility

This section should include reproducibility estimates and information about
the studies used to estimate, as appropriate, variability between days, runs, sites, lots,
operators and instruments. Such variability is also known as “Intermediate
Precision”. Reproducibility data is obtained for instrumentation in conjunction with
an appropriate assay.

Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would
be provided.

Note 1: Such studies should include the use of samples that represent the full
range of expected analyte (measurand) that can be measured by the test as
claimed by the manufacturer.

Note 2: If a recognized standard is used, a declaration/certificate of
conformity to the recognized standard along with a summary of the data and
conclusions should be provided.

10.1.2.2 Analytical sensitivity

This section should include information about the study design and results. It
should provide a description of specimen type and preparation including matrix,
analyte (measurand) levels, and how levels were established. The number of
replicates tested at each concentration should also be provided as well as a description
of the calculation used to determine assay sensitivity. For example:

a) Number of standard deviations above the mean value of the sample
without analyte (measurand), commonly referred to as ‘limit of blank’
(LoB).

b) Lowest concentration distinguishable from zero, based on
measurements of samples containing analyte (measurand), commonly
referred to as ‘limit of detection’ (LoD).

c) Lowest concentration at which precision and/or trueness are within
specified criteria, commonly referred to as ‘limit of quantitation’
(LoQ).

Typically for a Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information
would be provided.

10.1.2.3 Analytical specificity

This section should describe interference and cross reactivity studies to
determine the analytical specificity, defined as the ability of a measurement
procedure to detect or measure only the analyte (measurand) to be detected, in the
presence of other substances/agents in the sample.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Provide information on the evaluation of potentially interfering and cross
reacting substances/agents on the assay. Information should be provided on the
substance/agent type and concentration tested, sample type, analyte (measurand) test
concentration, and results.

Interferents and cross reacting substances/agents, which vary greatly
depending on the assay type and design, could derive from exogenous or
endogenous sources such as:

a) substances used for patient treatment (e.g. therapeutic drugs,
anticoagulants, etc.);

b) substances ingested by the patient (e.g. over the counter medications,
alcohol, vitamins, foods, etc.);

c) substances added during sample preparation (e.g. preservatives,
stabilizers);

d) substances encountered in specific specimens types (e.g. haemoglobin,
lipids, bilirubin, proteins);

e) analytes of similar structure (e.g. precursors, metabolites) or medical
conditions unrelated to the test condition including specimens negative for
the assay but positive for a condition that may mimic the test condition
(e.g. for a hepatitis A assay: test specimens negative for hepatitis A virus,
but positive for hepatitis B virus).

Typically, interference studies involve adding the potential interferent to the
sample and determining any bias of the test parameter relative to the control sample
to which no interferent has been added.

Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would
be provided.

10.1.2.4 Metrological traceability of calibrator and control material values

Where applicable, summarize the information about metrological traceability
of values assigned to calibrators and trueness control materials. Include, for
example, methods and acceptance criteria for the metrological traceability to
reference materials and/or reference measurement procedures and a description of
value assignment and validation.

Precision control materials, used when establishing the reproducibility of a
measurement procedure do not require the assessment of metrological traceability to
a reference material or a reference method.

Typically for a Class D IVD medical device, detailed information would be
provided.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

10.1.2.5 Measuring range of the assay

This section should include a summary of studies which define the measuring
range (linear and non-linear measuring systems) including the limit of detection and
describe information on how these were established. This summary should include a
description of specimen type, number of samples, number of replicates, and
preparation including information on matrix, analyte (measurand) levels and how
levels were established. If applicable, add a description of high dose hook effect and
the data supporting the mitigation (e.g. dilution) steps.

Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would
be provided.

10.1.2.6 Definition of assay cut-off

This section should provide a summary of analytical data with a description
of the study design including methods for determining the assay cut-off, including:

a) the population(s) studied (demographics / selection / inclusion and
exclusion criteria / number of individuals included);

b) method or mode of characterization of specimens; and
c) statistical methods e.g. Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) to

generate results and if applicable, define gray-zone/equivocal zone.

Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would
be provided.

10.2 Clinical Performance

Where relevant, the STED should contain data on the clinical performance of
the IVD medical device.

This clinical performance data is one of the elements of clinical evidence that
demonstrates the conformity of the IVD medical device to the Essential Principles
that apply to it.

Note : Analytical performance and clinical performance are elements of clinical
evidence. More detailed recommendations regarding these elements of the STED will
be provided in guidance developed in cooperation with SG5.

10.3 Stability (excluding specimen stability)

This section should describe claimed shelf life, in use stability and shipping
studies.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

10.3.1 Claimed shelf life

This section should provide information on stability testing studies to support
the claimed shelf life. Testing should be performed on at least three different lots
manufactured under conditions that are essentially equivalent to routine production
conditions (these lots do not need to be consecutive lots). Accelerated studies or
extrapolated data from real time data are acceptable for initial shelf life claim but need
to be followed up with real time stability studies.

Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would
be provided.

Such detailed information should describe:

a) the study report (including the protocol, number of lots, acceptance
criteria and testing intervals);

b) when accelerated studies have been performed in anticipation of the real
time studies, the method used for accelerated studies;

c) conclusions and claimed shelf life.
Note: Shelf life can be derived from the lot with the longest real time stability
data as long as accelerated or extrapolated data from all three lots are
comparable.

10.3.2 In use stability

This section should provide information on in use stability studies for one lot
reflecting actual routine use of the device (real or simulated). This may include open
vial stability and/or, for automated instruments, on board stability.

In the case of automated instrumentation if calibration stability is claimed,
supporting data should be included.

Such detailed information should describe:

a) the study report (including the protocol, acceptance criteria and testing
intervals);

b) conclusions and claimed in use stability.
Typically for Class C and D IVD medical devices, detailed information would

be provided.

10.3.3 Shipping stability

This section should provide information on shipping stability studies for one
lot to evaluate the tolerance of products to the anticipated shipping conditions.

Shipping studies can be done under real and/or simulated conditions and
should include variable shipping conditions such as extreme heat and/or cold.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Such information should describe:

a) the study report (including the protocol, acceptance criteria);
b) method used for simulated conditions;
c) conclusion and recommended shipping conditions.

Typically for a Class C and D IVD medical device, detailed information would
be provided.

10.4 Software Verification and Validation

The STED should contain evidence of the validation of the software, as used
in the finished device. This information should typically include the summary results
of all verification, validation and testing performed in-house and as applicable in an
actual user environment prior to final release. It should also address all of the
different hardware configurations and, where applicable, operating systems identified
in the labelling.

Typically for a Class D IVD medical device, detailed information would be
provided.

11.0 Labelling

The STED should typically contain a complete set of labelling associated with
the IVD medical device as described in GHTF guideline Labelling for Medical
Devices10. Information on labelling should include the following:

a) Labels on the IVD medical device (immediate and outer container)
b) Instructions for use

Where the STED is submitted to a RA/CAB, the labelling set should be in a
language required by the reviewing jurisdiction.

For inclusion in a STED, the labelling should contain the final content as
determined by the manufacturer but does not have to be in the final (printed) format.

12.0 Format of the STED

While this guidance document makes no specific recommendation for the
format of the STED, it would be helpful to both manufacturers and reviewers if the
STED was organized such that it incorporates the same sections as described in this
guidance document e.g. Device Description, Reference to Previous Device
Generation(s) and/or Similar Devices or Device History, Essential Principles
Checklist, etc.

10 GHTF/SG1/N43:2005 Labelling for Medical Devices

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

13.0 Declaration of Conformity

The Declaration of Conformity is not part of the STED. However, it may be
annexed to the STED once the conformity assessment process has been completed.
The content of the Declaration of Conformity is described in GHTF/SG1/N46:2007
Principles of Conformity Assessment for In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety
and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

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Appendix A

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety and
Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Essential Principles (EP) Checklist
The EP checklist can be used by Regulatory Authorities, CABs and even

manufacturers themselves to readily understand how the manufacturer demonstrates
compliance to the Essential Principles for a particular device. The EP checklist also allows
easy identification of relevant documents and data for conformity assessment purposes.

The contents of the checklist will vary among IVD medical devices. Very simple IVD

medical devices will have short EP checklists as many of the Essential Principles may not be
applicable. In these cases, the supporting references to be included in the checklist will be
minimal. More complex IVD medical devices are more likely to reference a larger number of
standards, test reports and documents. The EP checklist in those cases might be many pages
long.

The following is a recommended template for the EP checklist. Preparation of the EP

checklist as outlined below will provide a useful overview of the manufacturer’s conformity
to the Essential Principles. The consistent use of this template will support harmonization
across jurisdictions.

How to fill in the checklist

a) Identity of the IVD medical device
The manufacturer should identify the IVD medical device, and when applicable the

various configurations/variants covered by the checklist.

b) Applicable to device?
Is the listed Essential Principle applicable to the IVD medical device? Here the

answer is either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’. If the answer is ‘No’ this should be briefly explained.

c) Method used to demonstrate conformity
In this column, the manufacturer should state the type(s) of method(s) that it has

chosen to demonstrate conformity e.g. the recognised standard(s), industry or in-house test
method(s), comparison study(ies) or other method used.

d) Method reference

After having stated the method in the previous column, here the manufacturer should
name the title and should reference the recognised standard(s), industry or in-house test
method(s), comparison study(ies) or other method used to demonstrate conformity. For
standards, this should include the date of the standard and where appropriate, the clause(s)
that demonstrates conformity with the relevant EP.

e) Reference to supporting controlled documents

This column should contain the reference to the actual technical documentation that
demonstrates conformity to the Essential Principle, i.e. the certificates, test reports, study
reports or other documents that resulted from the method used to demonstrate conformity and,
if included in the STED, its location.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety and
Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)

Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Note: The table that follows is for illustrative purposes only. The Essential Principles
listed in the first column should be extracted from the latest version of the GHTF’s
guidance document Essential principles of Safety and Performance of Medical
Devices”. Those incorporated into this document are extracted from
GHTF/SG1/N41:2005.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)
Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Essential Principles Checklist

Identity of IVD medical device:

Method Used Method
Applicable to to Reference Reference to Supporting Controlled

Essential Principle the device? Demonstrate Documents
Conformity

General Requirements

5.1 Medical devices should be designed and manufactured in such a way that, when used
under the conditions and for the purposes intended and, where applicable, by virtue of the
technical knowledge, experience, education or training of intended users, they will not
compromise the clinical condition or the safety of patients, or the safety and health of users or,
where applicable, other persons, provided that any risks which may be associated with their use
constitute acceptable risks when weighed against the benefits to the patient and are compatible
with a high level of protection of health and safety.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)
Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Method Used Method

Applicable to to Reference Reference to Supporting Controlled
Essential Principle the device? Demonstrate Documents

Conformity

5.2 The solutions adopted by the manufacturer for the design and manufacture of the
devices should conform to safety principles, taking account of the generally acknowledged
state of the art. When risk reduction is required, the manufacturer should control the risk(s) so
that the residual risk(s) associated with each hazard is judged acceptable. The manufacturer
should apply the following principles in the priority order listed:

identify known or foreseeable hazards and estimate the associated risks arising from
the intended use and foreseeable misuse,

eliminate risks as far as reasonably practicable through inherently safe design and
manufacture,

reduce as far as is reasonably practicable the remaining risks by taking adequate
protection measures, including alarms,

inform users of any residual risks.

5.3 Devices should achieve the performance intended by the manufacturer and be
designed, manufactured and packaged in such a way that they are suitable for one or more of
the functions within the scope of the definition of a medical device applicable in each
jurisdiction.

5.4 The characteristics and performances referred to in Clauses 5.1, 5.2 and 5.3 should
not be adversely affected to such a degree that the health or safety of the patient or the user and,
where applicable, of other persons are compromised during the lifetime of the device, as
indicated by the manufacturer, when the device is subjected to the stresses which can occur
during normal conditions of use and has been properly maintained in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.

5.5 The devices should be designed, manufactured and packed in such a way that their
characteristics and performances during their intended use will not be adversely affected under
transport and storage conditions (for example, fluctuations of temperature and humidity) taking
account of the instructions and information provided by the manufacturer.

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Summary Technical Documentation for Demonstrating Conformity to the Essential Principles of Safety and Performance of IVD Medical Devices (STED)
Study Group 1 Final Document GHTF/SG1/SG1/N063:2011

Method Used Method

Applicable to to Reference Reference to Supporting Controlled
Essential Principle the device? Demonstrate Documents

Conformity

5.6 The benefits must be determined to outweigh any undesirable side effects for the
performances intended.

Design and Manufacturing Requirements

5.7 Chemical, physical and biological properties

5.7.1 The devices should be designed and manufactured in such a way as to ensure the
characteristics and performance referred to in Clauses 5.1 to 5.6 of the ‘General Requirements’.
Particular attention should be paid to:

the choice of materials used, particularly as regards toxicity and, where appropriate,
flammability,

the compatibility between the materials used and biological tissues, cells, body fluids, and
specimens, taking account of the intended purpose of the device,

the choice of materials used should reflect, where appropriate, matters such as hardness,
wear and fatigue strength.

5.7.2 The devices should be designed, manufactured and packed in such a way as to
minimize the risk posed by contaminants and residues to the persons involved in the transport,
storage and use of the devices and to patients, taking account of the intended purpose of the
product. Particular attention should be paid to tissues exposed and to the duration and
frequency of exposure.

5.7.3 ——————————- etc. ——————————————–

5.7.4 ——————————- etc. ——————————————–

5.7.5

5.7.6

 

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