Agriculture university in entomology university

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• It is one of the important cash crops of Gujarat and
Rajasthan. In Gujarat, its cultivation is mainly confined to
North Gujarat and Saurashtra regions. Mehasana, Patan,
Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Surendranagar, Ahmedabad andInfections and infectious diseases are a great burden on many societies, including the countries
in the WHO European region. To reduce that burden an integrated approach is required,
combining health promotion, disease prevention and patient treatment. The prerequisite for
success in this fight is the participation of all health care professionals. Nurses and midwives,
as major frontline providers of care, are in a position to contribute significantly to reducing
the burden.
Infections and infectious diseases: A manual for nurses and midwives in the WHO European
region has been written with the aim of developing the knowledge, skills and attitudes of
nurses and midwives regarding infections and infectious diseases and their prevention and
control. It is intended for use as an interactive learning package for nurses and midwives in
the WHO European region, specifically in the more eastern part of the region. Mastery of
this material will enable nurses and midwives to respond to threats to the community, to
teach their patients and members of the community effective ways of preventing infections
and infectious diseases, to provide high quality and effective care to people with infectious
diseases and to use appropriate measures to ensure safe practice.
The manual comprises seven modules. Each module is in two parts: theory and practice,
with opportunities for self-assessment through learning activities and a workbook. The manual
should be used as a package to ensure that, after training, nurses and midwives have a broad
and up-to-date knowledge of infections and infectious diseases. Each section of the manual
can also be used independently to develop knowledge in a specific area, and the manual as a
whole can be used as a reference book in health care settings.
The manual is a joint initiative between the Red Cross and the WHO Regional Office for
Europe. It has been based on Communicable disease. Nursing course manual. Prepared for
distance education by the National Nursing Centre of China, 1992. Over the last two years,
the Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health has adapted the Chinese manual
to make it relevant to nurses and midwives in Europe. The WHO Regional Office for
Europe and the Red Cross wish to thank the staff at the Scottish Centre for their work, as
well as the many other people who have contributed to making the manual a reality, including
the WHO collaborating centres for nursing and midwifery in the European Region and
Barbara Stilwell, Scientist at WHO headquarters.
Terhi Heinasmaki
International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Ainna Fawcett-Henesy
WHO Regional Office for Europe
Rajkot are important cumin growing districts of Gujarat.
While, major cumin growing areas in Rajasthan are Jalore,
Barmer, Nagaur, Jodhopur, Pali, Ajmer and Tonk districts.
• The climatic conditions of Gujarat and Rajasthan are more
favourable for cumin cultivation, these two states
contributes more than 80% in National area and
• Alternaria blight caused by Alternaria burnsii (Uppal, Patel
& Kamat) is most devastating disease in major cumin
growing areas in Gujarat and Rajasthan. The volatile oil i.e.
cuminol content of seeds is reduced due to the disease.