Human anatomy and physiology important MCQ pdf

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Introduction & Cell, Tissue MCQs with Answers

1 : Which field, when compared to the others, tends to rely more on

experimentation to find new answers?

a. anatomy

b. physiology

c. medical terminology

d. history of science

2 : Select the correct statement about the science of anatomy.

a. Our knowledge of human anatomy has remained the same since the time of the

ancient Greeks and Romans.

b. Anatomy is concerned with the function of body parts.

c. Anatomy is concerned with the structure of body parts.

d. The functional role of a body part has little to do with how the part is constructed.

3 : Which one of the following traits is not a characteristic of life shared by all


a. circulation

b. digestion

c. growth

d. photosynthesis

4 : All organisms share a set of basic requirements. These include all of the

following, with the exception of _____________, which is not required by all

organisms, even if it is present in many.

a. carbon dioxide

b. oxygen

c. pressure

d. food and water

5 : Most of the body’s homeostatic mechanisms operate by negative feedback,

although a few function through positive feedback. Choose the example from the

list below that operates by positive feedback.

a. Blood pressure that has dropped too low is caused to increase.

b. A baby suckling at the breast stimulates greater milk production.

c. Maintenance of a constant body temperature is accomplished through sweating or


d. Regulation of glucose levels in the blood requires the actions of two pancreatic

hormones, insulin and glucagon.

6 : Which of the following is the most complex level of organization?

a. organ system

b. macromolecule

c. organ

d. organelle

7 : Skin or bone is an example of what level of organization?

a. tissue

b. cell

c. macromolecule

d. organ

8 : The ______________ of the body includes the head, neck, and trunk.

a. dorsal cavity

b. appendicular portion

c. ventral cavity

d. axial portion

9 : The _____________ cavity is the portion enclosed by the pelvic bones.

a. abdominopelvic

b. pelvic

c. abdominal

d. thoracic

10 : The lungs are covered by a membrane called the _______________.

a. parietal pleura

b. visceral pleura

c. parietal pericardium

d. peritoneum

11 : The ____________ system is responsible for transporting fluid and also

houses the body’s disease-fighting cells.

a. integumentary

b. cardiovascular

c. lymphatic

d. digestive

12 : The ______________ system includes all the glands that secrete hormones.

a. muscular

b. lymphatic

c. nervous

d. endocrine

13 : The lower arm is _____________ to the stomach area, while the head is

________________ to the stomach.

a. medial; peripheral

b. proximal; anterior

c. lateral; superior

d. inferior; superficial

14 : A ______________ section divides the body into right and left portions.

a. coronal

b. transverse

c. sagittal

d. oblique

15 : The human liver is primarily located in the _____________________.

a. right upper quadrant of the abdominal area

b. left lower quadrant of the abdominal area

c. right iliac region

d. left hypochondriac region

16 : Anatomy is a term which means the study of _____.

a. physiology

b. morphology

c. cell functions

d. human functions

17 : A study dealing with the explanations of how an organ works would be an

example of_____.

a. anatomy

b. cytology

c. teleology

d. physiology

18 : What is the smallest level of organization considered to be living?

a. cell

b. organelle

c. tissue

d. system

19 : Which of the following includes the other terms?

a. cell

b. tissue

c. system

d. organ

20 : Which of the following terms means the same as ventral in humans?

a. dorsal

b. posterior

c. medial

d. anterior

21 : A tumor on the side of the abdomen can be described as being on the _____

surface of the body.

a. anterior

b. lateral

c. medial

d. posterior

22 : The chin can be described as being on the _____ surface of the skull.

a. inferior

b. lateral

c. superior

d. ventral

23 : Which of the following means the same as frontal?

a. transverse

b. coronal

c. sagittal

d. occipital

24 : Which of the following terms cannot be properly paired?

a. cranial, skull

b. frontal, forehead

c. nasal, buccal

d. orbital, eyes

25 : Which of the following pairs of terms is not correct?

a. ophthalmic, eyes

b. pectoral, chest

c. axillary, armpit

d. costal, abdomen

26 : Which of the following means the same as lower back?

a. lumbar

b. pelvic

c. inguinal

d. gluteal

27 : Which term refers to the back of the knee?

a. perineal

b. popliteal

c. pelvic

d. pedal

28 : Branched nerve fibers that convey impulses toward the cell body of a neuron

are called _____________.

a. axons

b. dendrites

c. axon collaterals

d. axon terminals