Dr. Vijay B. Lambole
What is a PHC ?
Functions of PHC.
Main Focus of PHC.
Types of PHC
Requirements for PHC.
Layout of PHC
Area and location
WHAT IS A PHC ?
PrimaryHealth Centre (PHCs),sometimesreferred to as
public health centres, arestate-owned rural health care
facilities in India. Theyare essentially single-physician clinics
usually with facilities for minor surgeries, too.Theyarepart
of the government-funded public health system in Indiaand
arethe most basic units of this system. Presently there are
appointedto run the
FUNCTIONS OF PHC
•Provision of medicalcare
•Safewater supply and basicsanitation
•Prevention and control of locally endemicdiseases
•Collection and reportingof vitalstatistics
•National health programmes,asrelevant
•Training of health guides,health workers, local dais
MAIN FOCUS OFPHC
Infact immunization programs
Birth control program
Pregency and related programs
TYPES OF PHC
There are 2 types of PHC’s.They
Type A PHC: PHC with delivery load
of less than 20 deliveries in a
Type B PHC: PHC with delivery load
of 20 or more deliveries in a month
REQUIREMENTS OF PHC
1.IMMUNISATION 9. DELIVERY WARD
CENTER 10. GENTS TOILET
2.RECORD 11. LADIES TOILET
COUNTER 12. STORE
3.WAITING HALL 13. OPERATION
4. DOCTOR ROOM THEATRE
5.EMERGENCY 14. DRESSING ROOM
WARD 15. LABOUR ROOM
7. PATIENT CABIN
8. MINOR OT
Duringchildhood, our children areexposedto
thousandsof germs,someof whicharepotentially
harmful to theirhealth.
a.Here tickets of the patients are
taken and are advised to the
a.This should have adequate space and
b.Waiting area should have adequate number
coolers, benches or chairs.
patient with his
a.Thereshould be4-6bedsin aPrimaryHealth
b.Thereshould befacilities for drinking
water and separate cleantoilets for men
a.It is usedfor testing
a.It consists of of a bed for the
patients to take rest.
a.This should be located
close to the OPD to cater
to patients for minor
surgeries and emergencies
after OPD hours.
a.Toilets should be well and
a.There must be available of all
types of medicines thoses are
advised by respective doctors.
a.Used for operations purpose.
b.Near this room all usefull things
should be available easily
a.Dressing room is attached to
b.Used by staff for relax
a.Clear floor area shall be provided in the room y
for newborn corner. I
b. The Labour room shall be provided with a y
good source of light, preferably shadow-less.
Cold Chain room– Size:3x4sq.mm
Logistics Room– Size:3x4sq.mm
Generator room– Size:3x4sq.mm
Office room- Size:3.5×3.0sq.mm
Dirty utility room for dirty linen and
LAYOUT OF PHC
AREA AND LOCATION
It should be centrally located in an easily
t should be well planned with the entire
It should be well lit and ventilated with as
much use of natural light and ventilation as