Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) PDF/PPT

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Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), also known as anticonvulsants or anti-seizure medications, are essential for managing epilepsy and preventing recurrent seizures. Here’s an overview of some commonly used AEDs:

  1. Keppra (Levetiracetam):

    • Approved for adults and children aged 6 and older.
    • Used to prevent seizures in partial epilepsygeneralized epilepsy, and myoclonic epilepsy.
    • Available in regular and extended-release pills, oral liquid, and intravenous (IV) formulations.
    • Mechanism of action is not fully understood.

      Dilantin (Phenytoin):

      • One of the oldest anticonvulsant medications.
      • Used for both children and adults to prevent generalized and partial seizures.
      • Also effective for treating status epilepticus (prolonged seizures).
      • Available in capsule, chewable pill, oral solution, and IV forms.
      • Interacts with nerve cell sodium channels, inhibiting excessive stimulation associated with seizures.
      • Side effects include dizziness, tiredness, difficulty concentrating, and liver damage.