Pharmaceutics sem1 (unit1) hand written notes pdf

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The history of pharmaceutics dates back thousands of years, with evidence of medicinal plants and practices found in ancient civilizations such as Egypt, India, and China. These early civilizations used herbs, minerals, and animal substances to treat a variety of ailments and their knowledge was passed down through generations.

In ancient Greece, Hippocrates, known as the father of medicine, emphasized the importance of diet, exercise, and natural remedies in treating illness. His theories and practices influenced the development of modern pharmaceuticals.

During the Middle Ages, Islamic scholars preserved and enhanced knowledge of medicine and pharmacology. They were responsible for the development of many new medications and treatments, and their texts were later translated into Latin and widely used in Europe.

In the 19th and 20th centuries, advancements in chemistry and biology led to the modern pharmaceutical industry. New drugs were synthesized in laboratories, and the advent of mass production methods made them widely available to the public.

Today, the pharmaceutical industry continues to evolve with the development of new drugs and innovative technologies. Pharmacists are an integral part of the healthcare system, providing patient care and ensuring that medications are used safely and effectively.