Pharmaceutics sem1 (unit3) hand written notes pdf

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Monophasic liquid refers to a liquid substance that has only one single phase or a uniform composition throughout. In simple terms, it means that a single volume of the liquid will have the same properties, such as density, viscosity, and color, irrespective of where it is examined. It is also said to have a constant chemical composition and no visible layers or different phases within it.

Monophasic liquids are commonly used in various scientific and industrial processes, such as in chemistry, biology, medicine, and more. For example, in medical laboratories, monophasic liquid reagents are used for diagnostic tests, where having consistent chemical properties throughout is crucial to obtain accurate results.

One crucial aspect of monophasic liquids is their homogeneity, which means they are uniform and do not separate or undergo phase changes when subjected to changes in temperature, pressure, or other environmental factors. Such liquids are beneficial in producing stable formulations that can be stored for long periods without experiencing changes or degradation.

Examples of monophasic liquids include water, alcohol, and most aqueous and organic solvents. Additionally, some liquid mixtures or solutions may also exhibit monophasic properties under certain conditions. For example, a homogeneous mixture of ethanol and water is a monophasic liquid at room temperature and pressure.

In summary, monophasic liquid is a liquid substance that is homogeneous and uniform throughout, with a constant chemical composition and no visible layers or different phases. They are widely used in various scientific and industrial applications, where homogeneity and stability are essential.