Pharmaceutics sem1 (unit4) hand written notes pdf

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Suppositories are a type of medication that is taken rectally or vaginally. They are a small, often cone-shaped medication that is inserted into the body, where it melts or dissolves to release the medication.

Suppositories are designed to be used in cases where oral medication is not appropriate, such as when the patient is unable to swallow or keep down medication, or when oral medication may cause stomach upset or interfere with proper digestion. They can also be used to deliver medication directly to the site of the problem, such as when treating hemorrhoids or vaginal infections.

Suppositories may contain a variety of medications, ranging from pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs to laxatives and antifungal medications. The medication is usually mixed with a base made of cocoa butter or other similar materials to help it melt and be absorbed into the body.

When using a suppository, it is important to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider carefully. The suppository may need to be refrigerated before use to help it remain solid, and it should be inserted slowly and gently to minimize discomfort. You should also avoid having a bowel movement immediately after using a suppository, as this can cause the medication to be expelled from the body before it has had a chance to be absorbed.

Overall, suppositories can be an effective and convenient way to take medication for a range of conditions. However, as with any medication, it is important to use them only as directed and to talk to your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns.