Veterinary pathology: HYPEREMIA AND CONGESTION

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Description

HYPEREMIA AND CONGESTION
Hemodynamic Disorders
Acute General Active Hyperemia
Congestion (Passive Hyperaemia )
Acute Local Active Hyperemia
Acute General Passive Hyperaemia
Pulmonary (Lung) Congestion
Chronic General Passive Hyperaemia
Hepatic (Liver) Congestion
‚óŹEDEMA
Mechanisms of Edema
1. Increased hydrostatic pressure (venous)
2. Decreased plasma colloidal osmotic pressure
3. Lymphatic obstruction
4. Sodium and Water Retention
5. Increased Vascular Permeability / Endothelial damage